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Curriculum vitae for Frank K. Butler, Jr. M.D.

Frank K Butler, MD


Captain, Medical Corps, U. S. Navy (Retired)

Curriculum Vitae

July 2012



Current Positions

          Chairman – DoD Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care  

                    2007 – Present

          Head – Prehospital Care Branch – DoD Joint Trauma System

Defense Health Board Trauma and Injury Subcommittee    2007 - Present

          Co-Chairman – Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Committee on

                    Treatment of Decompression Sickness and Arterial Gas Embolism

                    2008 - Present

          President – DSO Medical Consultants, LLC     2006 - Present

          President – TimeCuffs, LLC      2008 - Present

          Editor – Prehospital Trauma Life Support Manual – Seventh Edition

                    (Military Version)

          Ophthalmology Consultant - Diver’s Alert Network   1995 - present

Staff Ophthalmologist – Naval Hospital Pensacola    1989 - Present


Previous Positions:

Medical Consultant – Navy Medical Lessons Learned Center 2006-2008

Command Surgeon – United States Special Operations Command


          Editor – Journal of Special Operations Medicine  2004-2006

          Chairman – USSOCOM Biomedical Initiatives Steering Committee

                    2004-2006 and 1996-1998

          Joint Task Force Five Surgeon – Afghanistan    January–April 2003

          Biomedical Research Director - Naval Special Warfare Command


Chief of Ophthalmology, Naval Hospital Pensacola


          Navy Experimental Diving Unit - Diving Medical Research Officer


          SEAL Team One - Platoon Commander; Nuclear Weapons Safety Officer


          Underwater Demolition Team Twelve - Platoon Commander


Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL Training






Awards and Honors

          The U.S. Special Operations Command Medal – presented by Admiral

                    William McRaven, USSOCOM Commander on 23 May 2012 for

outstanding and enduring achievements on behalf of the Special

Operations community

          Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences - NOGI Award for Distinguished

Service to Diving – 2011

Paul S. Auerbach Award for Outstanding Accomplishments in

                    Wilderness Medicine - 2010

          Dr. Norman McSwain Award for Leadership in Prehospital Trauma Life

Support - 2009

Special Operations Medical Association Saber for Outstanding

                    Contributions to Special Operations Medicine - 2008

          First recipient of the TCCC Award for Outstanding contributions to Tactical

Combat Casualty Care in 2006 – Now named the “CAPT Frank K.

Butler” award and presented annually by the Committee on Tactical

Combat Casualty Care

          Special Award for Outstanding Contributions to Special Operations

Medicine - Presented by the Special Operations Medical Association

- 1998

          Defense Superior Service Medal – 2006

          Bronze Star – 2005

          Scott Frame Award - Prehospital Trauma Life Support - 2005

          Special Award for Innovations in Tactical Combat Casualty Care -

 U.S. Army Medical Research & Materiel Command - 2004

          Afghanistan Expeditionary Medal - 2005

          Prehospital Trauma Life Support Teaching Award - 2004

          Global War on Terrorism Expeditionary Medal - 2004

          Army Achievement Medal - 2004

          Defense Meritorious Service Medal - 1998

          Legion of Merit - 1997

          Joint Service Commendation Medal - 1997

          Letter of Commendation for Establishing USSOCOM Biomedical R+D

                    Program; Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Special Operations Command

                    - 1996

          Meritorious Service Medal – 1994

          Navy Commendation Medal - 1986

          Navy Achievement Medal - 1984



          Special Timer-Activated Restraint and Release System - 2011







          Ophthalmology Residency

                    National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland: 1986-1989

                    Chief Resident 1988-1989

          Undersea Medical Officer Training

                    Navy Undersea Medical Institute, Groton, CT: 1981

          Internship (Family Practice)

                    Navy Regional Medical Center, Jacksonville, FL:  1980-1981

Medical College of Georgia

                    M.D. 1980

                    Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society (President)

Georgia Institute of Technology 1967-1971

                    B.S. Industrial Management 1971 (Magna Cum Laude)

                    Intercollegiate Basketball

                    Phi Eta Sigma Academic Honorary Society (Vice President)

                    Phi Kappa Phi Academic Honorary Society

                    Omicron Delta Kappa Senior Honorary Society


Academic Affiliations

          Adjunct Associate Professor of Military and Emergency Medicine

          F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine

          Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences



Scientific Reviewer

          Journal of Special Operations Medicine

          Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine

          Survey of Ophthalmology

          Wilderness and Environmental Medicine

          Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

          Journal of Trauma


Professional Affiliations

          Fellow of the American Academy of Ophthalmology

          Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society

          Special Operations Medical Association

          Association of Military Surgeons of the United States

          Wilderness Medical Society


Committees and Boards

          Member – DoD Hemostatics and Resuscitation Research Steering

                    Committee     2010- Present

          Member - Committee on Tactical Combat Casualty Care       2002-Present

          Board of Directors – Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society 


Advisory Board – VetConnect America     2006 - 2008

NOAA Diving Medical Review Board   2007 – 2009

Wilderness Medical Society Board of Directors    2002 - 2005

          Program Planning Committee – 10th Underwater and Hyperbaric

Physiology Symposium – La Jolla, CA  July 2002

          Member - Chief of Naval Operations (N-873) Deep Submergence

Biomedical Research Program Technical Advisory Board

2000 - 2003

          Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Committee for

Adjunctive Therapy in the Treatment of Decompression Illness

1998 - Present

          Program Committee - Annual meeting of the Wilderness Medical Society;

Lake Placid, NY  July 1998

          Naval Special Warfare Command Representative - U.S. Special

                    Operations Command Biomedical Initiatives Steering

                    Committee  1994 - 2004

          Special Operations Medical Association Board of Directors 1994 -1996




        (See Attached Sheet)


Community Activities

          Naval Special Warfare Endowment Society

SEAL Legacy Foundation

          Eucharistic Minister - Saint Paul Catholic Church   1997 - 2004

          Pensacola Catholic High School Development Council   1995 - 1998

          Coach, St. Paul's Junior Girl's Basketball Team   1993

St. Paul's Catholic School Sports Association  1990 -1992


Social Affiliations

          UDT/SEAL Association Lifetime Member

          Hibernian Society of Savannah, GA.


Medical Licensure

          Florida  1982 - Present






1. Butler FK and Thalmann ED. Report of An Isolated Mid-Frequency Hearing Loss Following Inner Ear Barotrauma.  Undersea Biomedical Research 10(2):131-134; June, 1983


2. Butler FK and Thalmann ED. Central Nervous System Oxygen Toxicity in      Closed-Circuit SCUBA Divers. Proceedings of the Eighth International        Symposium on Underwater Physiology; Bachrach AJ and Matzen MM Ed.; 15-30; 1981


3. Thalmann ED and Butler FK.  A Procedure for Doing Multiple Level Dives

on Air Using Repetitive Groups. Navy Experimental Diving Unit Report

13-83; December, 1983


4. Thalmann ED, Zumrick JL, Schwartz HJC, and Butler FK. 

Accommodation to Decompression Sickness in He02 Divers.  Program

and Abstracts of The Undersea Medical Society Annual Scientific

Meeting, Undersea Biomedical Research 11 (1), Supplement, March



5. Butler FK and Thalmann ED.  Purge Prodecures For the Draeger LAR

V Closed Circuit UBA.  Navy Experimental Diving Unit Report 5-84;

March, 1984


6. Butler FK and Thalmann ED.  Establishment of New Exposure Limits

For U.S. Navy Closed-Circuit Oxygen SCUBA Divers.  Programs and

Abstracts of the Undersea Medical Society Annual Scientific Meeting,

Undersea Biomedical Research 12(1), Supplement, March 1985


7. Butler FK.  Closed-Circuit Oxygen Diving.  Navy Experimental Diving

Unit Report 7-85; May, 1985


8. Butler FK and Knafelc ME.  Screening for Oxygen Intolerance in

U.S. Navy Divers.  Undersea Biomedical Research 13(1); 91-98; March,



9. Butler FK and Thalmann ED.  Central Nervous System Oxygen

Toxicity in Closed-Circuit SCUBA Divers II.  Undersea Biomedical

Research 13(12); 193-224; June 1986





10. Pivinski SE, Mitchell RA, Goforth GA, Schwartz HJC and

Butler FK.  A Blitz of Bends:  Decompression Sickness in Four Students

after Hypobaric Chamber Training.  Aviation, Space and Environmental

Medicine 57; 600-602; June 1986


11. Butler FK.  Central Nervous System Oxygen Toxicity in Closed-Circuit

SCUBA Divers III.  NEDU Report 5-86, May 1986


12. Butler FK.  Underwater Purging Procedures for the Draeger LAR V

Closed-Circuit UBA.  NEDU Report 6-86, May 1986


13. Butler FK and Pinto C. Progressive Ulnar Palsy as a Late Complication

of Decompression Sickness. Annals of Emergency Medicine 15(6);

738-741; June 1986


14. Curley MD and Butler FK. Visual Reaction Time Performance Preceding

CNS Oxygen Toxicity. Undersea Biomedical Research 14(4); 301-310;

July, 1987


15. Butler FK. Ocular Manifestations of Decompression Sickness. The

Eye in Systemic Disease; Gold T. and Weinstein G. ed; J.B. Lippincott,

Philadelphia, PA; 469-471; 1990


16. Butler FK. Decompression Sickness Presenting as Optic Neuropathy.

Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 62; 346-350; April, 1991


17. Butler FK, Harris DJ, and Reynolds RA. Altitude Retinopathy on

Mount Everest 1989. Ophthalomology 99(5); 739-746; May 1992


18. Butler FK. Patient Encounter Skills Development. Navy Medicine

84(6); 14-16; November-December 1993


19. Butler FK. Diving and Hyperbaric Ophthalmology. Survey of

Ophthalmology 39(5); 347-366; March-April 1995


20. Schallhorn SC, Blanton CL, Kaupp SE, Sutphin J, Gordon M, Goforth H,

Butler FK. Preliminary Results of Photorefractive Keratectomy in

Active-Duty United States Navy Personnel. Ophthalmology 103 (1);

5-21. January 1996


21. Butler FK, Hagmann J, and Butler EG. Tactical Combat Casualty Care in Special Operations. Milit Med 161; Supplement; August 1996



22. Butler FK, Smith DJ. United States Navy Diving Techniques and Equipment.

In: Diving Medicine, Bove AA, ed. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders; Third

Edition, 1997; 372-387


23. Butler FK, Smith DJ, eds. Tactical Management of Diving Casualties in

Special Operations. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Workshop

Proceedings. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society; Bethesda,           Maryland; 1998


24. Butler FK, Zafren K, eds. Tactical Management of Wilderness Casualties in

Special Operations. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine 9 (2);

62 -117; 1998


25. Butler FK, White E, Twa M. Hyperoxic Myopia in a Closed-Circuit Mixed-Gas

SCUBA Diver.  Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine 26 (1); 41-45; 1999


26. Butler FK. The Eye at Altitude. International Ophthalmology Clinics 39(2);

Spring 1999; 59-78


27. Butler FK, Bove AA. Infraorbital hypesthesia from maxillary sinus barotrauma. Undersea Hyper Med 1999; 26: 257-259


28. Walters K, Gould M, Bacharach E, Butler F. Screening for Oxygen Tolerance

in U.S. Navy Combat Swimmers. Undersea Hyper Med 2000; 27: 21-26


29. Butler FK, Hagmann J, eds. Tactical Management of Urban Warfare

Casualties in Special Operations. Milit Med 2000; 165: 1-48


30. Butler FK. The Eye in the Wilderness. Wilderness Medicine; Auerbach PS, ed: St Louis, Mosby; Fourth Edition, 2001; 531-551


31. Butler FK: Tactical Medicine Training for SEAL Mission Commanders.

Milit Med 2001; 166: 625-631


32. Butler FK: Orbital Hemorrhage Following Facemask Barotrauma. Undersea

Hyper Med 2001; 28: 31-34


33. Butler FK, Southerland DG: The U.S. Navy Decompression Computer.

Undersea Hyper Med 2001; 28: 213-228


34. Butler FK. Medical Support of Special Operations. In, Textbook of Military

Medicine: Harsh Environments Volume Two; Pandolph KB, Burr RE, eds.

Falls Church VA; Office of the Surgeon General, U.S. Army. 2002



35. Lowe R, Butler FK, Knafelc ME, Temerlin S, Waters T, Brawley J, Didarria M, Lambertsen CJ: Advanced SEAL Delivery System (ASDS) Medical

Emergency Procedures. NEDU Technical Report 02-09; August 2002


36. O’Connor K, Butler FK: Antibiotics in Tactical Combat Casualty Care 2002.

Milit Med 2003; 168: 911


37. Steigleman A, Butler F, Choeu A, O’Malley T, Bower E, Giebner S: Optic neuropathy following an altitude exposure, Aviat Space Environ Med 74: 985, 2003


38. Butler FK: Tactical Combat Casualty Care: Combining Good Medicine with

Good Tactics. J Trauma 2003; 54: S2-S3


39.  Butler FK: Adjunctive Treatment Standards for Decompression Sickness and Gas

Embolism: The Special Operations Perspective. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society Workshop 57. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Kensington, MD; 2003


40. Butler FK: Closed-Circuit Oxygen Diving in the U.S. Navy: 1948 – 2002

Proceedings of the Oxygen 2002 Symposium. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine 2004


41. Butler F: Ocular Trauma. NATO Emergency War Surgery Handbook. 2004


42. Butler FK, Smith DJ. United States Navy Diving Techniques and Equipment.

In: Diving Medicine, Bove AA, ed. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders; Fourth

Edition, 2004; 372-387


43. Butler F, Holcomb J: The Tactical Combat Casualty Care Transition Initiative. Army Medical Department Journal; April, 2005


44. Enzenhauer RW, Vavra DE, Butler FK: Combat Ophthalmology When There Isn’t an Assigned Ophthalmologist. Journal of Special Operations Medicine. 6: 34-41; 2006


45.  Butler F, Greydanus D, Holcomb J: Combat Evaluation of TCCC Techniques and Equipment: 2005. USAISR Report 2006-01; November 2006


46. Butler FK: Breath-Hold Diving: A Proposed 60-second limit. In, Lindholm P, Pollack N, Lundgren CEG, eds: Breath-Hold Diving. Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society / Diver’s Alert Network Workshop. Durham; Diver’s Alert Network; 2006


47. Holcomb JB, McMullen NR, Pearse L, Caruso J, Wade CE, Oetjen-Gerdes L, Champion HR, Lawnick M, Farr W, Rodriguez S, Butler FK: Causes of Death in Special Operations Forces in the Global War on Terror. Annals of Surgery 2007;245:986-991


48. Butler FK. The Eye in the Wilderness. Wilderness Medicine; Auerbach PS, ed: St Louis, Mosby; Fifth Edition, 2007


49. Butler FK, Holcomb JB, Giebner SG, McSwain NE, Bagian J: Tactical Combat Casualty Care 2007: Evolving Concepts and Battlefield Experience. Milit Med 2007; 172(S):1-19


50. Butler FK, Hagan CE: Ocular Considerations in Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy. In, The Physiology and Medicine of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy: Neuman TE, Thom S, eds; Saunders/Elsevier; Philadelphia; 2008


51. Butler FK, Hagan C, Murphy-Lavoie H: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy and the Eye. Undersea Hyperb Med 2008;35:333-387


52. Boehnke IA, Butler FK, Yoshihashi A, Catanese A, Williams G, Smith JT, Marsh T, Gray V, Lowe S: Lessons Learned in Developing a Military Lessons Learned Center. Milit Med 2008;173:x-xv.


53. Murphy-Lavoie H, Butler FK, Hagan CE: Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in the Management of Central Retinal Artery Occlusion. In, Gesell L, ed; Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy Committee Report 2009; Durham; Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society; 2009


54. Butler FK, Murphy-Lavoie H, Jain KK: HBO Therapy and Ophthalmology. In, Jain KK, ed: Textbook of Hyperbaric Medicine; Hogrefe Publishing, Cambridge MA; Fifth Edition; 2009; 414-435


55. Moon R, Butler FK: Treatment of Cerebral Air Gas Embolism. (ltr) Military Medicine 2009;174:xii


56. Butler FK; Tactical Combat Casualty Care: Update 2009; J Trauma 2010;69:S10-S13


57. Blackbourne LH, Czarnik J, Mabry R, Eastridge B, Baer D, Butler F, Pruitt B: Decreasing Killed in Action and Died of Wound Rates in Combat Wounded. J Trauma 2010;69:S1-S4


58. Butler FK, Giebner SD, McSwain N, Salomone J, Pons P, eds: Prehospital Trauma Life Support Manual; Seventh Edition – Military Version. November 2010


59. Eastridge BJ, Butler FK, Wade CE, Holcomb JB, Salinas J, Champion HC, Blackbourne LH: Field triage score (FTS) in battlefield casualties: validation of a novel triage technique in a combat environment. Am J Surgery 2010;200:724-727


60. Bennett PB, Michaelson R, Moon R, Butler FK, eds: Best Practice Guidelines for Prevention and Effective Treatment of Decompression Illness. DCS - AGE Workshop Proceedings; Part 1; 2010


61. Nesbitt M, Allen P, Beekley A, Butler F, Eastridge B, Blackbourne L: Current practice of thermoregulation during the transport of the combat wounded. J Trauma 2010;69:S162-S167


62. Vann R, Moon R, Butler F, Mitchell S: Decompression Illness. Lancet 2011; 377:153-164


63. Butler FK: Fluid resuscitation in Tactical Combat Casualty Care: brief history and current status. J Trauma 2011;70:S11-S12


64. McSwain N, Champion HR, Fabian TC, Hoyt DB, Wade CE, Eastridge BJ, Rasmussen TE, Roussel RR, Butler FK, Holcomb JB, Schreiber MA, Shackford SR, Blackbourne LH: State of the Art fluid resuscitation 2010: Prehospital and Immediate Transition to the Emergency Department. J Trauma 2011;70:S2-S10


65. Kotwal RS, Montgomery HR, Mabry RL, Butler FK, Cain JS, Kotwal BM, Mechler KK, Blackbourne LH, Champion HR, Holcomb JB: Eliminating Preventable Death on the Battlefield. Archives of Surgery 2011; published online 15 August 2011


66. Murray CK, Hospenthal DR, Kotwal RS, Butler FK: Efficacy of point-of-injury combat antimicrobials. Journal of Trauma 2011;71:S307-S313


67. Stuke LE, Pons PT, Guys JS, Chapleau WP, Butler FK, McSwain NE: Prehospital spinal immobilization for penetrating trauma – review and recommendations from the Prehospital Trauma Life Support Executive Committee. J Trauma 2011


68. Butler FK, Blackbourne LH: How the British military deals with trauma. ; Invited response to a Letter to the Editor of Journal of Trauma; J Trauma 2011;71:1096-1096


69. Telander DG, Hielweil G, Schwartz SD, Butler FK: Central retinal artery occlusion from arterial gas embolism: diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Retina 2011;31:1726-1731


70. 70. Butler FK. The Eye in the Wilderness. Wilderness Medicine; Auerbach PS, ed: St Louis, Mosby; Sixth Edition; 2012


71. Butler FK, Carmona R: Tactical Combat Casualty Care: From the Battlefields of Afghanistan and Iraq to the Streets of America. The Tactical Edge. Winter 2012

72. Blackbourne, LH, Baer DG, Eastridge BJ, Renz EM, Chung KK, DuBose JK, Bagley SA, Kheirabadi B, Wenke JC, Hale RG, Kragh JF, Butler FK, Cap AP, Biever KA, Mabry RL, Bailey JA, Dubick MA, Kotwal RS, Maani CV, Brosch LR, Bebarta V, Rasmussen TE, Fang R, Morrison JJ, Midwinter MJ, Cestero RF, Ficke JR, Jenkins D,Knudson P, Holcomb JB: Military Medical Revolution – 2001-2011. In press


73. Eastridge BJ, Mabry R, Seguin P, Cantrell J, Tops T, Uribe P, Mallett O, Zubko T,

Oetjen-Gerdes L,  Rasmussen T, Butler FK, Kotwal R, Holcomb J, Wade C, Champion H, Moores L, Blackbourne LH: Pre-hospital Death on the Battlefield: Implications for the

Future of Combat Casualty Care. Accepted for Journal of Trauma


74. Blackbourne LB, Baer D, Eastridge B, Renz E, Dubose J, Bagley S, Wenke J, Hale R, Butler F, Rasmussen T: A Military Medical Revolution: on the Tipping Point. Accepted for Journal of Trauma


75. Blackbourne LH, Butler FK: Preoperative care of the vascular surgery patient. Invited chapter – Rich’s Vascular Surgery. In press


76. Hexdall E, Butler FK: An episode of transient blindness at depth in a SCUBA diver.

In progress. Accepted for Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine


77. Butler FK, Blackbourne LH: Battlefield Trauma Care Then and Now: A Decade of Tactical Combat Casualty Care. Accepted for Journal of Trauma


78. Murphy-Lavoie H, Butler F,  Hagan C: Central retinal artery occlusion treated with oxygen: A Literature Review and Treatment Algorithm. Accepted for Undersea and Hyperbaric Medicine


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