Action Plan for Divemasters
IMMEDIATE FIRST AID ONCE
VICTIM is out of the water:
(Treatment is the same for
suspected lung-expansion injury or decompression sickness.)
1. Calm the victim, if he
or she is conscious. Send somebody quickly to call "911" with details
2. Keep the victim's airway
open. This is imperative.
3. Place the victim in a
supine position flat on his or her back. Keep the victim still. Head
is not advised.
4. If victim is conscious
& breathing, administer 100% oxygen through demand-regulator
system. Keep oxygen flowing smoothly until emergency medical help
5. If victim is not breathing,
& no pulse is detectable, administer proper CPR, as per
training (use the "A-B-C" memory jogger). Arousal & Airway,
Breathing, Check Pulse.
Give 15 compressions of sternum
then two breaths, repeat indefinitely until emergency medical
arrives. If you have 2 rescuers, split duties.
For adults, compress sternum
1.5 - 2" inward at a point two finger spaces above bottom nub of
Do compressions at a rate
of 80-100 per minute for adults. Stay steady.
6. Protect victim from
heat, cold, wetness or hazardous exhaust fumes.
7. Give victim fluids --
but absolutely no alcohol, caffeine or stimulants of any kind!
When qualified medical
arrive, advise them that IV fluids are in order for the entire ride
to a hospital emergency room or hyperbaric chamber. Do not use
Use isotonic fluids. Glucose is damaging to the CNS.
8. Arrange for immediate
evacuation when help arrives. Advise EMTs to keep the oxygen flow on
for the full ride back to medical facility. Just like the IVs, this is
vital. Advise sending only to a center with a recompression chamber.
wasting time by sending to an emergency facility unconnected to a
facility. Avoid unnecessary diagnostic procedures.
MAIN EMERGENCY PHONE NUMBERS
for (Insert Your Location):
First dial "9-1-1."
Coast Guard Search &
Local Rescue Officer or Duty
Local Fire Department (for
Local Harbor Patrol or Marine
DIVERS ALERT NETWORK EMERGENCY
Emergency Telephone Numbers
America-Mexico....52-5-6299800 code 33937 or 4258
DAN Southern Africa (Outside
DAN Inside South Africa (Toll
S.E. Asia-Pacific Region
Zealand....0800 4 DES 111 (0800 4 337 111).
Singapore naval Medicine &
Your Local Hospital with
a chamber: Location and Address
STANDARD DISTRESS SIGNALS
if YOU ARE on a VESSEL:
Shoot up signal flares day
or night. If you've got 'em, light 'em.
At night you also can blink
out international code for "SOS" with a signal light (... --- ...)
Use VHF radio Channel 16
or 156.8 MHz to give a resounding "Mayday."